17 However, recent findings of associations between specific HLA haplotypes and DILI,18, 19 and 20 which does not have hypersensitivity
features, have highlighted the DLST’s potential value.21 In fact, a recent diagnostic scale, the Digestive Disease Week-Japan, already includes DLST.17 Nevertheless, low sensitivity (around 50%), lack of causality between a positive result and liver injury, lack of standardization and restricted availability outside Japan limit its use.21 and 22 And so, some authors advocate that it should be considered in selected cases, such as those in which a single causative agent cannot be determined.22 We considered that DSLT was not mandatory in our patient since fosfomycin was the only drug used. In a prospective study, drug-induced liver injury was caused by a single prescription medication in 73% of the cases
and antibiotics were the single largest class Nivolumab of hepatotoxic agents.15 In summary, we report a potential case of acute hepatocellular lesion caused by fosfomycin. Being a commonly used antibiotic, physicians should be aware of this rare but potentially serious adverse drug reaction. The authors declare that there is any financial support for this manuscript. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. “
“The anal canal tumors are unusual lesions whose frequence is about 1.5% of the gastrointestinal tract neoplasias.1 The predominant check details histological type is the squamous cells cancer (SCC) (47%), followed by cloacogenic carcinoma and less commonly melanoma
or mucinous adenocarcinoma.2 In relation to the neuroendocrine tumor (NET) occurrence on this Inositol monophosphatase 1 location, its undeniable rarity justifies this case report. A 49-year-old woman presented with anal bleeding, small-caliber stool with purulent discharge and severe proctalgia in the last three months. She had no abominal pain, no bowel habit changes, no fever, no loss weight and no inguinal lymphadenopathy. Investigation was conducted by the Colorectal Service of Hospital de Base, São José do Rio Preto, and started in August 2007. Two perianal condylomas and a hard anal mass were detected in the rectal exam and the pathological evaluation revealed condylomatosis and a poorly differentiated, ulcerated and invasive SCC. The patient was treated with Nigro. An incisional biopsy of the residual lesion was performed that resulted in no sign of malignancy. One year later, colonoscopy was normal and there were no metastasis in the imaging follow-up. After 7 months, the patient returned with 5 cm bilateral mammary and axillary protuberances (Fig. 1), right inguinal lymphadenopathy (Fig. 2) and ipsilateral thigh abscess (Fig. 3). In face of the possibility of canal anal tumor recurrence, it was sought colonoscopy and biopsy with immunohistochemical markers search in the potentially metastatic lesions. Neoplastic cells were immunoreactive for cytokeratin (CK) 35 (Fig. 6), cromogranin A (CgA) (Fig.