81-83 Somnolence, dizziness, and postural hypotension were the most frequently occurring adverse effects, but the majority of cases were considered mild to moderate. Weight gain and EPS occur at low rates with quetiapine use. Dosing for geriatric patients with schizophrenia is not well studied. Dosages used in reports averaged 100 to 150 mg/day, but these dosages were studied in a population with mixed Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical diagnoses. SGAs
appear to be beneficial in the geriatric population at much lower doses than are used in adults. Because geriatric patients are often on many GW3965 datasheet medications and suffer from numerous disease states, vigilance is needed when prescribing the newer medications. Clozapine and olanzapine are metabolized by the cytochrome P-450 isoenzyme 1 A2, which may be inhibited by several medications, therefore leading to higher blood levels. This may be compounded in geriatric
patients by their already compromised metabolism and clearance of medications. Additionally, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical women may potentially be more prone to side effects, since the blood levels of both these medications are higher in women than men.84,85 This population is particularly prone to falls and anticholinergic side effects, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical such as constipation, confusion, blurry vision, urinary retention, and dry mouth. All of these antipsychotics block α-reccptors leading to some orthostasis. Patients should be advised to stand or sit up slowly, especially upon medication initiation. Using lower doses and selecting the least anticholinergic of the medications helps prevent these other adverse effects. Very little data comparing these medications with conventional agents or among SGAs are available. Quetiapine should Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical be
used Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical as a first-line agent for psychosis associated with PD. Treatment of schizophrenia in patients with substance abuse The prevalence of substance abuse among persons with schizophrenia is significantly higher than in the general population. Conservative estimates Bay 11-7085 are that one third to as many as one half of people with schizophrenia abuse alcohol and illicit drugs.86,87 Dually diagnosed patients are more likely to be noncompliant with treatment and medications particularly because of side effects. These people also have a poorer response rate to traditional antipsychotics and have higher rates of rehospitalization.88-91 For patients discharged on traditional antipsychotics, substance abuse is one of the most significant reasons for readmission.92,93 EPS may occur more frequently in patients who are substance abusing, and the use of illicit drugs and alcohol is a risk factor for the development of TD.94,95 There is evidence that substance-abusing patients respond differently to conventional antipsychotics than non-substance-abusing patients.