The point bending data are summarized in Table 1. In all the mice analysed (both wild type and oim, vibrated and sham), bone calcein double labels were clearly defined in both periosteum and endosteum of the tibia mid-diaphyseal cross-sections. Bone apposition parameters (MS/BS, MAR, BFR) were not significantly different selleck chemicals llc in the endosteum and periosteum between the vibrated and sham mice when both genotype groups were considered together (p > 0.05 for all parameter). When the genotypes were considered separately, only the MS/BS of the endosteum in the wild type group was significantly increased (p = 0.036)
in the wild type group while all other parameters were not significantly different. In the oim group, CAL-101 purchase only a non-significant trend toward higher MAR and BFR values was observed in both endosteum and periosteum. Cortical bone histomorphometry data are summarized in Table 2. In the wild type mice group, morphology of the trabecular bone was well developed with numerous trabeculae and clearly visible calcein double labels. In the oim mice, the trabeculae were scarcely present with unclear calcein labels and very few or no visible double labels. No
significant differences were found between vibrated and sham mice in the wild type group. In the oim group, no statistically significant difference was observed between the vibrated and sham mice. Tibia trabecular bone histomorphometry data are summarized in the Table 2. In the present study, whole body vibration (WBV) treatment improved the trabecular and the cortical bone morphology during the growth in very young oim mouse hind limbs. In the femur, this improvement of the cortical bone morphology correlates with a trend toward an
increase of the mechanical properties observed during the three point bending. However the heterogeneity of the oim phenotype resulted in large standard deviations as previously reported  and the increase in mechanical integrity was not sufficient to reach statistical significance. In the vibrated wild type mice, the osteogenic effect of WBV on the cortical bone Bay 11-7085 morphology was apparent when the full lengths of the femur and tibia diaphysis were considered. This “global” improvement was sufficient to obtain a significant positive impact on the femur rigidity and yield limit during the three point bending test. The improvement of both cortical and trabecular bone compartment in the oim mice tibial metaphysis when subjected to WBV is in accordance with the findings of Xie et al. in slightly older but still growing BALB mice  and suggests that growing bone may be particularly sensitive to WBV. In addition, we also observed a positive response in the cortical bone of both femur and tibia, indicating that the WBV could be beneficial for both hind limb long bones in oim mice. Interestingly, Xie et al.