In addition, no IVSs have been identified to occur in the helix 4

In addition, no IVSs have been identified to occur in the helix 45 from C. sputorum strains (C. sputorum biovar bubulus, biovar fecalis and biovar sputorum) [17]. Regarding the 23S rRNA, however, fragments smaller than intact 23S rRNA were visible on the gel for C. sputorum biovar bubulus and fecalis strains by using a northern blot hybridization analysis [17]. In relation to the IVSs in the helix 45 from the C. jejuni and C. coli isolates, a total of 149 isolates (n = 32 C. jejuni; n = 117 C. coli) have already

been examined [17–20]. In the two major and selleckchem typical C. jejuni and C. coli species of Campylobacter, IVSs occur in helix 45 at high percent degree (59% for C. jejuni n = 32; 84% for C. coli n = 117) [2, 6, 19, click here 20]. In the present study, the occurrence of IVSs with the two typical Campylobacter species, were shown in helix 45 region at a high similar percentage (54% for C. jejeuni n = 56; 45% for

C. coli n = 11), as shown in Table 2. In addition, IVSs have already been shown to occur in the helix 45 region for only a few other Campylobacter species, than the typical C. jejuni and C. coli (n = 2 C. upsaliensis; n = 2 C. fetus; n = 1 C. concisus; n = 1 C. hyointestinalis; n = 1 C. mucosalis; n = 3 C. sputorum), three IVSs being identified to occur in C. fetus and in C. upsaliensis [17]. At present, we identified the majority (62/83) of isolates from the three Campylobacter species of C. fetus, C. upsaliensis and C. curvus to carry IVSs in helix 45 within 23S rRNA genes. However, in a total of 54 isolates of the three Campylobacter species of C. hyointestinalis (n = 30), C. sputorum (n = 14) and C. concisus (n = 10), no IVSs were identified in helix 45 region, as shown in Table 2. These are also scientifically significant observations. Thus, in conclusion, no IVSs were identified in 105 isolates of three Campylobacter

species (C. hyointestinalis, C. concisus and C. lari) both in the 25 and 45 Janus kinase (JAK) helix regions within the 23S rRNA genes. Table 2 Summary of identification of IVSs within 23S rRNA genes from Campylobacter organisms analyzed in the presen study Campylobacter species IVS in helix 25 IVS in helix 45 C. jejuni (n = 56) 0 30 C. coli (n = 11) 0 5 C. fetus (n = 33) 0 25 C. upsaliensis (n = 43) 0 30 C. hyointestinalis (n = 30) 0 0 C. sputorum biovar sputorum (n = 4) 1 0 C. sputorum biovar fecalis (n = 5) 3 0 C. sputorum biovar paraureolyticus (n = 5) 0 0 C. concisus (n = 10) 0 0 C. curvus (n = 7) 0 6 C. lari (n = 65) 0 0 Total (n = 269) 4 96 Overall, in the present study, two different kinds of the 23S rRNA genes with and without the IVSs occurred in the seven Campylobacter isolates (n = 3 C. sputorum biovar fecalis; n = 2 C. jejuni; n = 2 C. upsaliensis) (data not shown). In addition, in the present study, electrophoretic profiles of the purified RNA from Campylobacter organisms were examined. In the purified RNA fractions of some isolates from C. sputorum and C.

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