The number of serotypes causing RVGE of any severity during Year

The number of serotypes causing RVGE of any severity during Year 2 in the HRV_2D, HRV_3D and placebo groups were 3, 1, and 5, respectively for G1P [8]; 2, 2, and 4 respectively for G2/P [4] or P [6]; and 1 case of G12P [6] in a HRV_2D recipient. The ATP analysis for seroconversion consisted of 205 subjects from Cohort 1 (70 subjects in the HRV_2D group, 66 subjects in the HRV_3D group and 69 subjects in the placebo group) from whom blood had been obtained prior to the first dose and 1 month following the third dose of study vaccine. The seroconversion rate selleck products in the HRV_3D group was moderately higher (66.7%; 95% CI: 54.0–77.8%), although not significantly, than in the HRV_2D group (57.1%; 95% CI: 44.7–68.9%)

(Fig. 2). Similarly, a trend toward higher GMCs was observed in the HRV_3D group (94.3 U/mL; 95% CI: 56.5–157.4 U/mL) than the HRV_2D group (59.4 U/mL; 95% CI: 37.5–93.9 U/mL). This analysis confirmed protection against severe RVGE by Rotarix over 2 consecutive rotavirus seasons in South African children for the combined endpoint of infants who had received either a 2-dose or 3-dose HRV schedule during infancy. The 59% reduction of severe GSI-IX price RVGE

over 2 consecutive rotavirus seasons in the pooled cohort of HRV recipients was lower than the point-estimate observed during the first rotavirus season (77%; 95% CI: 56–88), which also included a combined analysis of Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 subjects enrolled in the study in South Africa. Interestingly, these results are similar to that observed in another vaccine study in 3 African countries with the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine [4]. In that study, efficacy against severe rotavirus diarrhea during the first two years of age in 3 African countries, was 39.3%; although vaccine efficacy against severe rotavirus diarrhea in the first year of life was 64.2%. This is distinct from the situation reported in Latin America, the US, Europe, or middle-income countries in Asia, where the level of clinical protection was maintained at very similar levels

over 2 years [7], [8], [9] and [10]. One of the Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase possible explanations for this difference, besides the higher immunogenicity and higher point-estimate of efficacy in the European and pan-American studies, is the age at which children are infected with rotavirus. In Africa, rotavirus infections occur commonly in young infants between 3 and 12 months of age, where >75% of children with severe rotavirus gastroenteritis from hospital-based studies are observed [13], [21], [22] and [23] and only approximately 10% of rotavirus disease requiring a visit to hospital or the outpatient clinic was in the 12- to 18-month-old group in several African countries [24]. On the other hand, studies from Europe indicate that while rotavirus infection peaks in children 6–24 months of age [25], 40% of infection occurs in the group 12–23 months of age [26].

Comments are closed.