The Asn-87

The Asn-87 Selleckchem Rapamycin mutation seems to be an important determinant of failure of fluoroquinolone-containing triple eradication therapy

based on eradication results. “
“Background:  The eradication rate of first-line Helicobacter pylori treatment is only 70–85% and has been decreasing due to the increase in antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy as second-line treatment for H. pylori infection based on treatment duration. Methods:  We prospectively enrolled 227 patients that were found to have persistent H. pylori infection after first-line proton-pump inhibitor-clarithromycin-amoxicillin triple therapy. Patients were randomized to 1-week (112 patients) and 2-week (115 patients) quadruple therapy with tripotassium dicitrate XAV-939 chemical structure bismuthate 300 mg q.i.d., meteronidazole 500 mg t.i.d., and tetracycline 500 mg q.i.d. and esomeprazole 20 mg b.i.d. The eradication rate, drug compliance, and adverse events were compared based on treatment duration. Results:  The eradication rates were 72/112

(64.3%, 95% CI: 0.504–0.830) and 71/92 (77.2%, 0.440–0.749) with 1-week group, and 95/115 (82.6%, 1.165–2.449) an 88/94 (93.6%, 1.213–5.113) with 2-week group by intention-to-treat therapy (p = .002) and per-protocol analysis (p = .001), respectively. The adverse events increased as the treatment durations increased from 7 to 14 days (20.0 and 42.5%, respectively, p < .001). However, there was no significant difference in the patient compliance or the rate of major adverse events between the 1- and 2-week groups (6.3 and 12.5%, respectively, p = .133). Conclusion:  Two-week bismuth-containing Ixazomib solubility dmso quadruple therapy was more effective than the 1-week treatment, and should be considered for second-line treatment in Korea. “

Long-term Helicobacter pylori infection leads to chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric malignancies. Indigenous microflora in alimentary tract maintains a colonization barrier against pathogenic microorganisms. This study is aimed to observe the gastric and duodenum microflora alteration after H. pylori infection in Mongolian Gerbils model. Materials and Methods:  A total of 18 Mongolian gerbils were randomly divided into two groups: control group and H. pylori group that were given H. pylori NCTC J99 strain intragastrically. After 12 weeks, H. pylori colonization was identified by rapid urease tests and bacterial culture. Indigenous microorganisms in stomach and duodenum were analyzed by culture method. Histopathologic examination of gastric and duodenum mucosa was also performed. Results:  Three of eight gerbils had positive H. pylori colonization. After H. pylori infection, Enterococcus spp. and Staphylococcus aureus showed occurrences in stomach and duodenum. Lactobacillus spp. showed a down trend in stomach. The levels and localizations of Bifidobacterium spp., Bacteroides spp., and total aerobes were also modified. Bacteroides spp.

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