Magnetic resonance images of 30 schizophrenia patients and 27 age-, sex-, education- and handedness-matched healthy controls were processed
using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Logistic regression analysis showed that only the Motor Sequencing Signs (MSS) sub-score was a significant predictor of subject’s status among the NSS sub-scores. Optimized VBM analysis showed that the MSS sub-score had a significant negative correlation with total and regional gray matter volumes (prefrontal, posterior cingulate, temporal cortices, putamen, and cerebellum) in schizophrenia patients but not in controls. Prefrontal and temporal cortices, putamen and cerebellum Selleck Crenolanib had significant volume deficits in patients. Cortical and cerebellar correlates of the sub-score MSS support the concept of cognitive dysmetria”" in schizophrenia. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The architecture of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) origin of DNA replication (OriS) differs significantly from that of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA replication origin. Novel aspects of the VZV OriS include a GA-rich region, three binding sites for the VZV origin-binding protein (OBP) all on the same strand and oriented in the same direction, and a partial OBP binding site of unknown function. We have designated this partial binding site Box D and have investigated selleck the role it plays in DNA replication
and flanking gene expression. This has been done with a model system using a replication-competent plasmid containing OriS and a replication-and transcription-competent dual-luciferase reporter plasmid containing both the OriS and the intergenic region between VZV open reading frames (ORFs) 62 and 63. We have found that (i) Box D is a negative regulator of DNA replication independent of flanking gene expression, (ii) the mutation of Box D results in a decrease in flanking gene expression, thus a sequence within the VZV OriS affects transcription, which is in contrast to results reported for HSV-1, (iii) there
is Sclareol a specific Box D complex formed with infected cell extracts in electrophoretic mobility shift assay experiments, (iv) supershift assays show that this complex contains the VZV ORF29 single-strand DNA-binding protein, and (v) the formation of this complex is dependent on the presence of CGC motifs in Box D and its downstream flanking region. These findings show that the VZV ORF29 protein, while required for DNA replication, also plays a novel role in the suppression of that process.”
“The replication of mitochondria! DNA (mtDNA) is not under strict control of the nucleus. Therefore, within-cell selection can favour mtDNA variants with a replication or survival advantage even if deleterious for the cell. Here, we consider how the balance between selection within and among cells is shifted in cancer cell lineages, and how this affects the somatic evolution of mitochondria.