“Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder characterized by recurrent spontaneous seizures Selleckchem RG-7204 affecting 1–2% of the population worldwide.1 The most underlying mechanism in the Libraries development and progression of epilepsy and several other neurological disorders is oxidative stress.2 Oxidative stress is caused by excessive production of reactive oxygen species such as hydroxyl, superoxide anion radical, nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide.3 There are so many drugs available to treat epilepsy but none of them are free from side effects
such as depression, ischemia, impaired cognition, motor disability and etc.4 Among all, depression is the common side effect produced by most of the antiepileptic drugs and that remains untreated.5 It has been observed that seizure activity during epilepsy increases the amount of free radicals and decreases the antioxidant defense
mechanism in Sorafenib the brain which further induce the oxidative stress.3 The extract obtained from plants of the genus Leucas display a wide range of pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antidiarroheal and antinociceptive activity. 6, 7, 8 and 9 No research or scientific work has been done on Leucas lanata, therefore the present study is aimed at exploring the potential of free radical scavenging activity along with its capability to treat epilepsy. 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl, 2-thiobarbituric acid, 1, 1, 3, 3-tetramethoxy propane and pentylenetetrazole were obtained from Sigma–Aldrich, St Louis, MO, United States. Phenazine methosulphate, nitroblue tetrazolium and sulfanilamide were purchased from NR chemicals Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India. Sodium nitroprusside was obtained from HiMedia Laboratories Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India. 2-Deoxy-d-ribose and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide were obtained from Sisco Research Laboratories Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, India and all other reagents and solvents used
were of analytical grade and obtained from various other commercial sources. The whole plant of L. lanata was collected from Tirulmala hills, Andhra Pradesh, India. L. lanata was authenticated with vochure number 1798. 500 g of air dried and powdered L. Levetiracetam lanata was first defatted with petroleum ether at room temperature for 72 h. The defatted material was extracted with 95% ethanol at room temperature for 72 h. The resultant ethanolic extract was concentrated under reduced pressure at room temperature using rotary vacuum evaporator. Ethanolic extract of L. lanata was subjected for preliminary phytochemical screening to determine the presence of carbohydrate, alkaloid, amino acid, flavonoid, phenolic substance, steroid, protein, saponin and tannin. 10 0.5 ml of ethanolic extract was estimated for total phenolic and flavonoids contents by using UV spectrophotometric method.