Conclusions In this work, PLMA thin film doped with Mn:ZnSe QDs w

Conclusions In this work, PLMA thin film doped with Mn:ZnSe QDs was spin-deposited on the front surface of Si solar cell in order to improve the solar cell efficiency via PL conversion. Significant efficiency enhancements (approximately 5% to 10%) were achieved indeed under AM0 conditions. Both the effects of AR and PL conversion contributed to the solar cell efficiency enhancements but that of PL took a small portion. A precise assessment of PL contribution to the efficiency enhancement was made by investigating the PV responses of Si solar cells coated with QD-doped PLMA to monochromatic and AM0 light sources as functions of QD concentration,

combined with reflectance and EQE measurements. Our work shows that the

real PL contribution might not NVP-BSK805 purchase be all that as reflected by the apparent efficiency enhancement, and cautions are to be taken when applying the PL conversion in this aspect. On the other hand, it indicates FG-4592 in vivo again that for practical use of PL conversion, high altitude or/and outer space environments are preferred where the UV proportion is high, and continuing to search for high PL efficiency materials and design efficient optical-coupling structures is still necessary. Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) under Selleck ZD1839 the grant number 2012CB934303

and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under the grant numbers 61275178, 10974034, and 60878044. Experimental assistances from Professors J. D. Wu, N. Xu, and J. Shen are gratefully acknowledged. References 1. Goetzberger A, Hebling C, Schock HW: Photovoltaic materials, history, status and outlook. Mater Sci Eng R-Rep 2003, 40:1.CrossRef 2. Strumpel C, McCann C, Beaucarne G, Arkhipov V, Slaoui A, Svrcek V, del Canizo C, Tobias I: Modifying the solar spectrum to enhance silicon solar cell efficiency – an overview of available materials. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 2007, 91:238.CrossRef 3. Trupke T, Green MA, Wurfel P: Improving solar cell this website efficiencies by down-conversion of high-energy photons. J Appl Phys 2002, 92:1668.CrossRef 4. Trupke T, Green MA, Wurfel P: Improving solar cell efficiencies by up-conversion of sub-band-gap light. J Appl Phys 2002, 92:4117.CrossRef 5. Van Sark WGJHM, de Wild J, Rath JK, Meijerink A, Schropp REI: Upconversion in solar cells. Nanoscale Res Lett 2013, 8:81.CrossRef 6. Svrcek V, Slaoui A, Muller JC: Silicon nanocrystals as light converter for solar cells. Thin Solid Films 2004, 451:384.CrossRef 7. Stupca M, Alsalhi M, Al Saud T, Almuhanna A, Nayfeh MH: Enhancement of polycrystalline silicon solar cells using ultrathin films of silicon nanoparticle. Appl Phys Lett 2007, 91:063107.CrossRef 8.

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