68-21.21) were correlated
with the risk of EP. Women who had previously used condoms were less likely to have EP during the current cycle (adjusted OR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.21-0.36). Conclusions: Besides well-acknowledged risk factors for EP, attention should be paid to women with planned pregnancy who have a history of infertility and/or IVF treatment, to prevent complications from EP. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.”
“The thermal transport behavior of polycrystalline graphene is studied using molecular dynamics simulations, with focus on the effects of grain size, tensile strain, and temperature QNZ nmr on the thermal conductivity. All the simulation samples have the same overall dimensions of 30 x 30 nm with average grain sizes ranging from 2.5 to 12.5
nm. It is found that polycrystalline graphene exhibits a significant reduction in thermal conductivity compared to single-crystalline graphene, and the smaller the grain size is, the more the thermal conductivity drops. The thermal conductivity of polycrystalline graphene with average grain size of 2.5 nm is only about 20% of single-crystalline graphene. However, the thermal conductivity of polycrystalline graphene is less sensitive to both the applied strain and temperature than that of single-crystalline graphene. The underlying mechanisms for the differences in thermal behavior are examined and discussed. These findings are important for the thermal management of graphene-based devices. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“Prolactin (PRL)-releasing peptide (PrRP) has been reported as a strong candidate for a stimulating factor of both PRL secretion JNK-IN-8 inhibitor and expression in teleost species: however, there is no information available on its receptor. Here we report cDNA cloning and characterization of PrRP receptor expressed in the pituitary of Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. The deduced amino acid sequence of cDNA for tilapia PrRP receptor shared 50-83% homology with other vertebrate www.selleckchem.com/products/Staurosporine.html homologs. Intracellular calcium mobilization assay revealed that PrRP receptor responded to as low as 1 nM order of tilapia
PrRP, indicating its high affinity to PrRP. The expression of PrRP receptor was detected in the brain, pituitary, heart, spleen, kidney and rectum of freshwater (FW)- and seawater (SW)-adapted fish. There was no significant difference between FW and SW fish in transcription levels of PrRP receptor in the rostral pars distalis (RPD) of the pituitary. Similarly, the PrRP expression level in the whole brain was not changed by environmental salinity. Immunohistochemistry with a specific antibody showed that PrRP receptor was mainly localized in the cells of the RPD and neurohypophysis in the pituitary of both FW and SW tilapia. We also examined the effects of PrRP on PRL expression in primary-incubated PRL cells of FW tilapia; PrRP failed to stimulate PRL expression in PRL cells in vitro.