2, l–n) C stagnale PCC 7417 was distinct from all other taxa (F

2, l–n). C. stagnale PCC 7417 was distinct from all other taxa (Fig. 2o). C. pellucidum (CCALA PLX3397 992), C. moravicum (CCALA 993), and C. alatosporum (CCALA 988) had nearly identical basal portions,

but their terminal helices differed (Fig. 2, p, r, t). The other helices in Cylindrospermum sensu stricto were distinct, but nearly identical in length (Fig. 2, q, s, u). Cylindrospermum from Hawaii CCALA 1002 and Aulosira bohemensis were much shorter and very different from each other and from all other V2 helices (Fig. 2, v and w). The Box-B helix was very consistent in sequence and structure in the basal helix, which was always followed by an unpaired adenosine residue on the 5′ end (Fig. 3, a–h). C. catenatum, C. pellucidum, C. licheniforme, C. moravicum, and C. badium all had identical secondary structures for the Box-B, although the sequence in the terminal loop was variable (Fig. 3a). C. stagnale PCC 7417 was similar to the above group in the base of the helix, but had an insertion of an adenosine nucleotide that set it apart from these other taxa (Fig. 3b). Both strains of C. alatosporum also had identical structures and nearly identical sequence Fluorouracil purchase (Fig. 3, d and e). Cylindrospermum CCALA 1002, C. marchicum, C. maius, and A. bohemensis differed in sequence length and structure (Fig. 3, c, f–h). The V3 helix

was nearly identical in secondary structure for C. catenatum, C. pellucidum, C. licheniforme, C. badium, and C. muscicola (Fig. 3, i and j), with C. moravicum having a slightly differing structure due to two nucleotide substitutions (Fig. 3k). C. maius, C. alatosporum, and C. stagnale had highly similar basal portions, but differed in their apices (Fig. 3, m–o). Cylindrospermum alatosporum F.E.Fritsch (Fig. 4, a–t) Thallus leathery, with shiny wet surface, blue-green to green or olive-green

when old. Filaments not motile or slightly motile, in diffluent mucilage. Trichomes constricted at cross walls, 3.5–5.0 μm wide. Cells isodiametric or longer than wide, with blue-green, granulated cytoplasm, 3–7(8) μm long. End cells rounded. Heterocytes rounded-cylindrical, elongated Glutamate dehydrogenase or almost spherical, yellowish, 4–9(11) μm long, 3.5–7.0 μm wide. Akinetes single or exceptionally two in a row, oval to rhomboid in outline, with grey-green granulated content, 20–32 μm long, (6.5)10.0–13.0(17.5) μm wide. Exospore with smooth surface, colorless to pale brownish, porous, up to 3 μm wide. Reference strain: CCALA 988 isolated from soil 3–4 years after wild fire, Riding Mts. National Park, Manitoba, Canada. Herbarium voucher BRY37709, partial 16S and complete 16S-23S ITS sequence available under GenBank accession number KF052599. Notes: This strain was previously studied for its nitrogenase activity (Hrouzek et al. 2004, as strain 9C) and presence and activity of cytotoxin Puwainaphycins (Hrouzek et al. 2012, as strain C24/89).

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