YscL proteins exhibit similar patterns, except that they generall

YscL proteins exhibit similar patterns, except that they generally have shorter primary Wortmannin molecular weight repeat segments. We report here a statistical characterization of the amino acids composing the variable positions PKC inhibitor in the primary repeat segments of a varied collection of FliH and YscL sequences from different bacterial species. As they are analyzed separately, the specific portion of the

repeat segments being discussed – AxxxG, GxxxG, or GxxxA – will be referred to as the “”repeat type”". Additionally, we make the distinction between the first, second, and third variable residue in a given repeat, which will be denoted as positions x1, x2, and x3, respectively. Below, we describe the analysis performed on FliH, which is of primary interest due to its uniquely long primary repeat segments. Some of the analysis described below was also performed for YscL; full details are provided in the Results and Methods sections. To provide a general characterization of the glycine repeats in FliH, some

initial data were gathered, such as the number of proteins having a repeat segment flanked by Axxx and xxxA, and the lengths of the primary repeat segments in each sequence. Next, secondary structure prediction this website programs were employed to predict whether the glycine repeat segments are likely to adopt a helical conformation, as would be expected given the amino acid compositions of these repeats, as well as previous results concerning the role of glycine repeats in helix-helix dimerization. A multiple alignment of the glycine repeat segments of FliH and YscL was then

created, which provides insight into how FliH/YscL proteins from different bacterial species relate to each other in terms of the length and composition of their primary repeat segments. The distribution of amino acids in the three variable positions in each repeat type was then determined. We hypothesized that the amino acid frequencies in the glycine repeats would Methane monooxygenase differ significantly from the amino acid frequencies in the entirety of all the FliH/YscL proteins; to provide support for this hypothesis, statistical tests were used to determine the probability that any differences found could have occurred by chance. To ensure that the tabulated amino acid frequencies and positional correlations were not simply the result of high sequence similarity due to sampling sequences that are phylogenetically closely related (especially in the GxxxG segment), we employed an overall 25% amino acid sequence identity cut-off to filter out highly similar FliH sequences and select an approximately even sampling of the available FliH sequences.

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