The Stroop has also been found to be a fairly effective predictor of functional adaptive skills and independent living skills (Boyle, Paul, Moser, & Cohen, 2004). Despite its popularity in clinical practice and research, few studies have examined the influence of effort and malingering on the Stroop. Vickery et al. (2004) administered a battery of neuropsychological tests, including the Stroop, to moderate–severe TBI and healthy participants to determine if head-injured
individuals were better at simulating feigned neuropsychological impairment than healthy individuals. Head-injured and healthy volunteers asked to feign impairment NSC 683864 purchase had significantly lower scores on the Stroop than control participants (p = .007,
d = 0.80). A study by van Gorp et al. (1999) retrospectively analysed the files of mild-to-moderate TBI patients identified as suspected malingerers and non-malingerers find more based on improbable symptom history and SVT performance. The patient files included the Color and Interference trials of the Stroop, in addition to other neuropsychological measures. Stroop scores were significantly worse in the malingering group for both the Color (p = .007) and Interference (p = .000) trials, accounting for 10% and 20% of the variance in a discriminant function analysis, respectively. These studies provide evidence that it is possible to distinguish malingering and non-malingering groups on the Stroop. A test or indicator that has the ability to accurately differentiate malingerers
from non-malingerers also provides direct evidence regarding whether performance on that particular test is an accurate reflection of the individual’s actually cognitive capacity. One limitation of these studies is that scores that effectively differentiated the performances were not reported. To be of clinical utility, it is necessary to determine cut-off scores that best characterize performance validity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of select Stroop variables (Word, Color, Color–Word, and Interference residual scores) in discriminating performance validity. A criterion-groups MCE公司 validation design was employed, comparing mild TBI patients who met published criteria for malingering (Slick et al., 1999) with mild TBI patients who showed no indication of malingering. Groups of moderate–severe TBI patients and patients with different neurological and psychiatric diagnoses were included for comparison. Results of the study are presented in frequency tables that can easily be referenced in clinical practice. Participants in this group were drawn from a cohort of 165 consecutive cases referred to a south-eastern clinical practice for a neuropsychological evaluation after suffering an apparent TBI.