Supplementations provide a nonpharmacological therapy, and has be

Supplementations provide a nonpharmacological therapy, and has been

gradually received attention in literatures. learn more protein hydrolysates can stimulate protein synthesis and inhibit protein breakdown, and therefore, improve the net muscle protein balance after exercise [10, 15]. It is also reported that whey protein hydrolysate can ameliorate drug-induced oxidative stress [16]. However, it remains to be elucidated whether the protein hydrolysates supplementation in a short term improves the protein retention and oxidative stress of skeletal muscle following Doramapimod cost exhaustive exercise. Therefore, we hypothesized that an additional hydrolyzed protein supplementation could enhance the muscle protein content and eliminate the oxidative stress products by regulating the plasma amino acid spectrums in rats following exhaustive exercise. Methods Experimental design Rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6 per group): a control group fed standard diet without exercise (SD), exercise (EX), exercise plus standard diet for 72 h (EX + SD), or exercise plus standard diet supplemented with hydrolyzed protein (2 g/kg/d) for 72 h (EX + HP). Animals were

maintained in individual cages and fed a standard chow diet and water ad libitum. All rats of the EX, EX + SD and EX + HP groups received a single bout of exhaustive swimming on the first day in the experimental period (time 0 hour). EX was sacrificed immediately following exercise. The animals of the other groups had open access to a standard rodent chow diet and water ad libitum throughout selleck compound the study. A standard lab rat diet was rich in dietary fiber, trace elements, and intact protein (18 g/100 g fodder) including 1.76 g leucine and 5 g crude fiber per 100 g fodder. Additionally, the EX + HP group received a supplementation of protein hydrolysate (6.67 ml/kg body weight) by oral gavage once per day, while EX + SD received the same value of purified water via oral gavage. The protein hydrolysates (HYDROPROTEIN,

Shen Yi Food Nutrition, Zhuji, ZJ.) contain 60% hydrolyzed whey protein as its source of nitrogen, providing a rich source of leucine (4.67 g/100 g powder) (powder, 50 g/per bag). The protein consists of 100% content of di- Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor and tripeptides. It was dissolved in purified water (Nestle Company, USA) and the final protein concentration was 0.3 g/ml. After 72 hours of feeding following exercise, both EX + SD and EX + HP groups were sacrificed for sample collection. Subjects Twenty-four 7-week-old (250 g) specific pathogen-free male Sprague Dawley male rats were used and individually housed in a metabolic cage at the Jinling hospital Animal Research facility at Nanjing, Jiangsu province. They were placed in a room maintained at 22°C with a 12: 12-hour light: dark cycle and provided with rodent chow and water ad libitum.

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