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Authors’ contributions XQJ designed the experiments. ZZZ drafted the manuscript. ZZZ, WL and YXS performed the experiment. Tanespimycin molecular weight JZ, GHZ and QL carried out the statistical analysis and data interpretation.All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a serious and common cancer in Southern China. The tumorigenesis of NPC is a multistage process involving cellular genetic predisposition, epigenetic alterations, including the influence of environment factors,
diet and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection[1, 2]. However, the molecular basis leading to the development and spread of NPC remain largely unknown. Recent years, several studies [3, 4] showed that silence of tumor suppressor genes by epigenetic modification is a major mechanism for inactivation why of cancer-related genes in the pathogenesis of human cancers. Cheng et al. reported that epigenetic events, including DNA methylation and chromatin structure changes, are among the earliest molecular alterations during malignant transformation of human mammary epithelial cells. Methylation of the CpG islands of DNA promoter is the most important and common epigenetic mechanism leading to gene silence. Consequently, identification of genes targeted by hypermethylation may provide insight into NPC tumorigenesis. A numer of tumor suppressor genes have been implicated to harbor promoter methylation at CpG islands in NPC, such as RASSF1A (Ras association domain family 1 isoform A), p16, BLU [7, 8] and recently LARS2 (leucyl-tRNA synthetase 2, mitochondrial) was found to involve in this process. RASSF1A inactivation is essential for tumor development.