Neurological consultation should be sought early. (Level 4) [ [27, 28] ] Severe headache may also be a manifestation of meningitis in immunocompromised patients. This is a medical emergency because it can lead to airway obstruction. Treat first before evaluating. Immediately raise the patient’s factor level when significant trauma
or symptoms occur. Maintain the factor levels until symptoms resolve (refer to Tables 7-1 and 7-2). (Level 4) [ [29, 30, 15] ] Hospitalization and evaluation by a specialist are essential. (Level 5) [  ] To prevent hemorrhage in patients with severe tonsillitis, treatment with factor may be indicated, in addition to bacterial culture and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Immediately Venetoclax price raise the patient’s factor levels. Maintain the factor level until hemorrhage has stopped and etiology is defined (refer Ceritinib molecular weight to Tables 7-1 and 7-2). (Level 4) [ [31, 32] ] Acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage may present as hematemesis, hematochezia, or malena. For signs of GI bleeding and/or acute hemorrhage in the abdomen, medical evaluation and possibly hospitalization are required. Hemoglobin levels should be regularly monitored. Treat anemia or shock, as needed. Treat
origin of hemorrhage as indicated. EACA or tranexamic acid may be used as adjunctive therapy for patients with FVIII deficiency and those with FIX deficiency who are not being treated with prothrombin complex concentrates. An acute abdominal, including retroperitoneal, hemorrhage can present with abdominal pain and distension and can be mistaken for a number of infectious Leukocyte receptor tyrosine kinase or surgical conditions. It may also present as a paralytic ileus. Appropriate radiologic studies may be necessary. Immediately raise the patient’s factor levels. Maintain the factor levels (refer to Tables 7-1 and 7-2) until the etiology can be defined, then treat appropriately in consultation with a specialist. (Level 4) [ [29, 30, 15] ] This is uncommon unless associated with trauma or infection. Immediately raise the patient’s factor level. Maintain the factor level as indicated (refer
to Tables 7-1 and 7-2). (Level 4) [ [29, 30, 15] ] Have the patient evaluated by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. Treat painless hematuria with complete bed rest and vigorous hydration (3 L m−2 body surface area) for 48 h. Avoid DDAVP when hydrating intensively. (Level 4) [] Raise the patient’s factor levels (refer to Tables 7-1 and 7-2) if there is pain or persistent gross hematuria and watch for clots and urinary obstruction. (Level 4) [ [34, 33] ] Do not use antifibrinolytic agents. (Level 4) [  ] Evaluation by an urologist is essential for evaluation of a local cause if hematuria (gross or microscopic) persists or if there are repeated episodes. Early consultation with a dentist or oral and maxillofacial surgeon is essential to determine the source of bleeding.