In contrast to our results, Cafiso et al described a link betwee

In contrast to our results, Cafiso et al. described a link between agr-II genotype and the capacity to form strong biofilms, since all strains with agr-II genotype were associated with strong biofilm formation at 0.25% glucose. However, the genetic background was not taken into consideration [29]. Our findings revealed that strains associated with MLST CC5, CC12 and CC15 (all harboring agr-II) were classified as strong

biofilm formers in only 21%, 9% and 53% of the cases at 0.25% glucose, respectively. Furthermore, the agr-II genotype encompass diverse strains, not including strains associated with MLST CC8 [22, 23]. Biofilm formation was induced by increasing glucose concentrations up to 0.5% in both MRSA and MSSA isolates, which is entirely consistent with previously reported data [8, 21]. However,

MRSA produced significantly more biomass than MSSA with MSSA associated MLST CCs, under all tested glucose conditions. Especially strains associated with MLST CC8 contributed to this phenomenon. Furthermore, MSSA with MRSA associated MLST CCs were also capable to produce more biomass than MSSA with MSSA associated MLST CCs at 0.1% glucose. Variations in biofilm forming capacities in clonal lineages selleck chemicals llc of S. aureus could be explained by unique combinations of surface-associated and regulatory genes [23] or by different expression levels of genes that regulate the different phases of biofilm formation. Since this study showed that the biofilm formation on polystyrene surfaces was the strongest for the MLST CC8 associated genetic background, further studies with other material or tissue are warranted. Recently, differences in adhesion

to human airway epithelial cells have been observed between strains belonging to MLST CC8 and CC5, the latter demonstrating a generally lower adherence in both representatives of MRSA and MSSA [30]. An enhanced ability to adhere and invade these cells have also been shown for MRSA associated with the Brazilian/Hungarian Ureohydrolase clone, which belongs to MLST CC8 [15], AR-13324 in vitro compared to a population of MSSA with an unknown genetic background [31]. Furthermore, strains associated with the same clone were not included among our MLST CC8 isolates, but were previously classified as strong biofilm producers and designated superior in their ability to produce biofilm compared to isolates associated with the Pediatric clone (MLST CC5) [32]. To analyse possible other predisposing factors besides the MLST CC8 associated genetic background, bloodstream and commensal isolates of the same clonal lineage were compared. The biofilm forming capacity between MSSA bloodstream and commensal isolates, associated with MLST CC8 and CC7, was similar and consistent with the findings of Smith et al., who compared the biofilm forming capacity of Scottish clinical S. aureus strains collected from different isolation sites [33].

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