O. maculatus, although the olfactory sensory surface area is comparable between these two species and O. ornatus. Orectolobus parvimaculatus has a significantly larger olfactory sensory surface area than the other three species, and there is a positive relationship between total body length and olfactory sensory surface area for all four species. Assuming that these morphological measures are true indications of olfactory capability, the olfactory abilities of wobbegongs are as good as, or better than, other benthic elasmobranchs. Interspecific differences in olfactory ability within this group of benthic ambush predators could indicate relative differences in prey detection, intraspecific recognition and mate detection. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“When the central nervous system is the primary affected site in an initial attack of Behcet’s disease (BD), the differential diagnosis is particularly Autophagy inhibitor challenging. Because the specificity of immunobiologic therapy is growing, the specific diagnosis may impact the chosen therapy. For instance, anti-tumour
necrosis factor agents are efficacious in BD but may be harmful in multiple sclerosis or systemic lupus erythematosus. We present two cases with similar neurological features but different diagnosis (BD and systemic lupus erythematosus) as a starting point to review diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for neuro-BD and its differential diagnoses.”
“WARP is a recently described member of the von Willebrand factor A domain superfamily of extracellular matrix proteins, and is encoded by the Vwa l gene. We have Previously shown that WARP is a multimeric BV-6 component of the chondrocyte pericellular matrix in articular cartilage and intervertebral disc, where it interacts with the basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan. However, the tissue-specific expression of WARP in non-cartilaginous
tissues and its localization in the extracellular matrix of selleck chemicals llc other perlecan-containing tissues have not been analyzed in detail. To visualize WARP-expressing cells, we generated a reporter gene knock-in mouse by targeted replacement of the Vwa l gene with beta-galactosidase. Analysis of reporter gene expression and WARP protein localization by immunostaining demonstrates that WARP is a component of a limited number of distinct basement membranes. WARP is expressed in the vasculature of neural tissues and in basement membrane structures of the peripheral nervous system. Furthermore, WARP is also expressed in the apical ectodermal ridge of developing limb buds, and in skeletal and cardiac muscle. These findings are the first evidence for WARP expression in non-cartilaginous tissues, and the identification of WARP as a component of a limited range of specialized basement membranes provides further evidence for the heterogeneous composition of basement membranes between different tissues. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V.