While weak TH receptor (TR) agonist potency was observed in only

While weak TH receptor (TR) agonist potency was observed in only one of 15 water sources, antagonist potency was present in most of the water sources. TR antagonist equivalents could be explained by the presence of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), with GSK1210151A manufacturer concentrations ranging from

2.8 x 10(1) to 1.6 x 10(3) mu g DBP /L (ATR-EQ(50)s). None of the ground waters exhibited TH agonist potencies while all of the samples from Taihu Lake displayed notable TR antagonist potencies. To identify the responsible thyroid active compounds, instrumental analysis was conducted to measure a list of potential thyroid-disrupting chemicals, including organochlorine (OC) pesticides and phthalate esters. Combining the results of the instrumental analysis with those of the bioassay, DBP was determined to account for 17% to 144% of ATR-EQ(50s)

in water sources. Furthermore, ATR-EQ(20-80) ranges for TR antagonist activities indicated that samples from locations WX-1 and WX-2 posed the greatest health concern www.selleckchem.com/products/epz-5676.html and the associated uncertainty may warrant further investigation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“AimThe aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of mesh exposures following abdominal sacral colpopexy (ASC) in which polypropylene mesh is used.

MethodsThis is a retrospective PP2 ic50 cohort study of patients who underwent ASC and were subsequently followed for development of mesh exposure for vaginal/vault prolapse between 2002 and 2012. Demographics and risk factors of the patients who did develop mesh exposure

after ASC and the ones who did not were compared.

ResultsIn 42 months of survey, 19 of the 292 patients who underwent ASC developed mesh exposure. It was found that rates of patients with stage 3-4 prolapse were significantly greater in the mesh exposure group than in the control group (P=0.04). Rates of mesh exposure were lower in patients with previous hysterectomy (P=0.03). Also, it was found that concomitant hysterectomy or three or more additional procedures increased the risk of mesh exposure (P=0.03 and P=0.02).

ConclusionIn abdominal sacrocolpopexy operations in which polypropylene meshes are used, stage 3 or 4 prolapse, concomitant hysterectomy and three or more additional procedures increase the risk of mesh exposure development.”
“This randomized controlled clinical trial examined the usefulness of including an assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in the routine clinical care of lung-transplant patients. We hypothesized that the inclusion of HRQL in routine clinical care would improve patient-clinician communication, affect clinical management, and improve patients’ HRQL.

Especially cholestatic liver diseases (primary biliary cirrhosis

Especially cholestatic liver diseases (primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis) appear to be different from other chronic liver diseases with regards to pathogenesis. Portal fibroblasts located in the connective tissue surrounding bile ducts appear to be different from hepatic stellate cells with regards to expression of marker proteins and response the profibrogenic and mitogenic stimuli. In addition there is increasing evidence for a cross talk between activated cholangiocytes and portal myofibroblasts. Several animal models have improved our understanding of the mechanisms

underlying these chronic liver diseases. In the present review, we discuss the current concepts and ideas with regards to myofibroblastic cell PD-1/PD-L1 mutation populations, mechanisms of fibrosis, summarize characteristic histological findings and currently employed animal models of autoimmune and cholestatic liver disease. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This article contains a review of the most significant contributions to pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease reported in publications between September 2009 and August mTOR inhibitor 2010. The review focuses on imaging techniques, new treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension in pediatric patients, and therapy in general (e.g.

hybrid treatment and surgical treatment). With regard to imaging techniques, the review highlights the increasing application of congenital heart disease diagnosis during fetal life, the introduction of new echocardiographic techniques (e.g. tissue Doppler imaging, two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging and three-dimensional echocardiography) into routine clinical practice, and the growing use of cardiac CT and magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis and the assessment of cardiac function, respectively. The role played by cardiac interventions continues to increase and cardiac surgery is becoming more advanced and has, in some cases, been combined with hybrid techniques. However, there are still a number of controversial issues in cardiac surgery that have not

yet been resolved, such as whether or not fenestration should be used with Fontan surgery, the optimum type of correction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, and the HM781-36B inhibitor best conduit for pulmonary artery replacement.”
“Numerous paediatric liver diseases from different origins may be complicated by development of liver fibrosis and progression to cirrhosis. Although fibrogenesis, which represents a major driving force for the development of liver fibrosis, has common tracts whatever the aetiology, liver fibrosis has different histopathological patterns in paediatric liver disease. In these diseases management choices may depend upon the stage of liver fibrosis. Thus, the accurate estimation of histological pattern of liver fibrosis is important for the prevention of the subsequent complications.

Risk factors with a p value less than 0 10 by univariate analysis

Risk factors with a p value less than 0.10 by univariate analysis were included in the subsequent multivariate analysis. In part 2 of the study, long-term, all-cause mortality was determined by construction of a Kaplan-Meier curve for the cohort. Seven patients died (4.5%). Significant risk factors

for mortality in the multivariable analysis included age older than 40 years (odds ratio (OR) 9.89) and concomitant surgery (OR 6.65). A major adverse event occurred for 22 patients (14.4%). The only significant risk factor in the multivariable analysis for an adverse event was concomitant surgery (OR 6.42). The hospital stay was longer than 7 days for 31 patients (20.3%). The significant risk factors for a prolonged hospital stay included the presence

of preoperative arrhythmias (OR 4.17), New York Heart Association class 3 (OR 4.35), and PP2 again, concomitant Duvelisib purchase surgery (OR 4.2). Among the 146 hospital survivors, only 5 patients died in the intervening period. The predicted survival rates were 98.5% at 1 year, 96.7% at 5 years, and 93.5% at 10 years. Pulmonary valve replacement in adults with palliated TOF is a safe procedure with excellent long-term survival, but there remain important risk factors for postoperative mortality, prolonged hospital stay, and major adverse events. Awareness and modification of important risk factors may help to improve outcomes.”
“Ultrasound of uterine scar after cesarean and measurement of its thickness can be used to evaluate its healing and risk factors for scar defect and uterine rupture. However, we believe that a period of up to 6 months after surgery is necessary to achieve complete healing of the scar, especially in cases of cesarean performed during labor. (C) Versita

BKM120 order Sp. z o.o.”
“The problem of arsenic pollution of groundwater used for domestic water supplies is now well recognised in Bangladesh, India and some other countries of South and South-east Asia. However, it has recently become apparent that arsenic-polluted water used for irrigation is adding sufficient arsenic to soils and rice to pose serious threats to sustainable agricultural production in those countries and to the health and livelihoods of affected people. This paper reviews the nature of those threats, taking into account the natural sources of arsenic pollution, areas affected, factors influencing arsenic uptake by soils and plants, toxicity levels and the dietary risk to people consuming arsenic-contaminated rice. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) treatment alone (lambda = 660 nm and lambda = 830 nm) or associated with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). We used 54 male rats divided into six groups, with nine animals each: group 1, partial tenotomy; group 2 (GII), PRP; group 3 (GIII): lambda 660 nm; group 4 (GIV), lambda 830 nm; group 5 (GV), PRP + lambda 660 nm; and group 6 (GVI), PRP + lambda 830 nm.

A total of 137 (6 8%) patients developed PTDM; 7% in the hemodial

A total of 137 (6.8%) patients developed PTDM; 7% in the hemodialysis group and 6.5% in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) group (p = 0.85). In the multivariate analysis, age (p < 0.001), body mass index (BMI) (p < selleck 0.001), use of tacrolimus (p = 0.002), and rejection episodes (p < 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for development of PTDM. Patients in the PD group were younger (p = 0.004), had lower BMI (p = 0.07), and were less likely to have a history of hepatitis C (p = 0.007) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (p = 0.07).


for these variables did not modify the results. The results of this study suggest that pre-transplant dialysis modality does not have an impact on the subsequent development of PTDM in RTRs.”
“A patient

with ankylosing spondylitis, after demonstrating incomplete clinical response to adalimumab, received three monthly Thiazovivin datasheet infusions of pamidronate along with continuing TNF-alpha blockade. Complete disappearance of the back pain was reported after the second pamidronate infusion. The perspectives of the combination therapy with TNF-alpha inhibitor and pamidronate are discussed.”
“Due to the limited rare-earth elements resources, ferrite magnets need to be improved drastically. Ideally, for a true hard magnet, the coercive field should be larger than the saturation magnetization, which is not yet realized for ferrites. Thus, an alternative can be found in making very fine grain ferrite magnets, but it is usually LY2090314 concentration impossible to get small grains and dense material together. In this paper, it is shown that the spark plasma sintering method is able to produce approximately

80% of dense material with crystallites smaller than 100 nm. The as-prepared bulk sintered anisotropic magnets exhibits coercive field of 0.5 T which is approximately 60% of the theoretical limit and only a few percentage below that of loose nanopowders. As a result, the magnets behave nearly ideal (-1.18 slope in the BH plane second quadrant) and the energy product reaches 8.8 kJ m(-3), the highest value achieved in the isotropic ferrite magnet to our knowledge. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3556918]“
“Background: The demand for transplantable organ continues to exceed supply, particularly in minority patient populations. We explored the factors influencing organ donation attitude within the Arab American community.

Methods: Secondary data analysis from a face-to-face survey administered in late 2003 to 1016 adults from a representative population-based sample on Greater Detroit Arab Americans.

Results: Christian Arab Americans were more likely than Muslim Arab Americans, and women more than men, to believe organ donation after death was justifiable.

Analyses supported the unidimensionality of the individual subsca

Analyses supported the unidimensionality of the individual subscales; however, there was no support for the combination of subscales to form a HADS-Total.

Conclusions: The results of Rasch analysis support the use of a modified HDAC inhibitors in clinical trials version of the HADS-A and

HADS-D among cancer caregivers. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and identify revised clinical cut-points. Findings reinforce the need for clinicians and researchers to formally test the psychometric properties of the instruments that they intend to use with different samples. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Objective. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and conventional medical management (CMM) compared with CMM alone for patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), LY3039478 solubility dmso peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and refractory angina pectoris (RAP).

Design. Markov models were developed to evaluate

the cost-effectiveness of SCS vs CMM alone from the perspective of a Canadian provincial Ministry of Health. Each model followed costs and outcomes in 6-month cycles. Health effects were expressed as quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Costs were gathered from public sources and expressed in 2012 Canadian dollars (CAN$). Costs and effects were calculated over a 20-year time horizon and discounted at 3.5% annually, as suggested by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence. Cost-effectiveness was identified by deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analysis (50,000 Monte-Carlo iterations). Outcome measures were: cost, QALY, incremental net monetary benefit (INMB), incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), expected value of perfect information (EVPI), and strategy selection frequency.

Results. The ICER for SCS was: CAN$ 9,293 (FBSS), CAN$ 11,216 (CRPS), CAN$ 9,319 (PAD), CAN$ 9,984 (RAP) per QALY gained, respectively. SCS provided the optimal economic path. The probability of SCS check details being cost-effective compared with CMM was 75-95% depending on pathology.

SCS generates a positive INMB for treatment of pain syndromes. Sensitivity analyses demonstrated that results were robust to plausible variations in model costs and effectiveness inputs. Per-patient EVPI was low, indicating that gathering additional information for model parameters would not significantly impact results.

Conclusion. SCS with CMM is cost-effective compared with CMM alone in the management of FBSS, CRPS, PAD, and RAP.”
“Surface-layer magneto-optical effects of propagating and reflected light were calculated for photonic crystals of magnetic materials using a finite-difference time-domain algorithm. The magneto-optical effect of the reflected light on the photonic band-gap range strongly depended on the dielectric constant of the surface layer, although no such surface effect was observed near the first photonic band edge.

EPN is common in persons

with diabetes or urinary tract o

EPN is common in persons

with diabetes or urinary tract obstruction. Herein we report a case of bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis in a postpartum lady who had no evidence of diabetes or urinary tract obstruction. Management of this condition has traditionally been aggressive, and surgery has been considered mandatory. Our patient LDC000067 was managed successfully with antibiotics and supportive measures alone.”
“BACKGROUND: A significant decrease in mean cardiomyocyte DNA content and increased numbers of diploid cardiomyocytes after unloading has been demonstrated, suggesting a numerical increase of cardiomyocytes. Despite a thorough search in that study, no mitoses explaining a potential net increase of cardiomyocytes has been observed. The heart harbors several stem cell populations, including c-kit (CD117)(+) stem cells and side population cells (SPC), which may proliferate after unloading and thus contribute to the generation of diploid cardiomyocytes. In this study we sought to determine, whether there is an increase of ABCG2(+) SPC and CD! 17 stem cells after unloading.

METHODS: In paired myocardial

samples (prior to and after LVAD), the number 10058-F4 nmr of cells with immunoexpression of ABCG2, c-kit/CD117 and MEF-2 was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Their number was morphometrically determined and these data were correlated with the mean cardiomyocyte DNA content.

RESULTS: A significant increase of SPC and cells with coexpression of c-kit and AZD2014 molecular weight MEF-2 after unloading was observed from 0.00013% in CHF to 0.0011%, and 0.013% 10 0.035%, respectively after unloading (p = 0.001). A significant positive correlation between both SPC and cells with coexpression

of c-kit and MEF-2 expression was observed (p = 0.007 and 0.01). No correlation was found between the number of SPC and the mean cardiomyocyte DNA content.

CONCLUSIONS: SPC are increased significantly in the myocardium after ventricular unloading, suggesting a role for stem cell proliferation during “”reverse cardiac remodeling.”" These cells might proliferate and commit to different cell lineages, such as cardiomyocytes or endothelium, and thus ameliorate cardiac function. J Heart Lung Transplant 2012;31:318-24 (C) 2012 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.”
“The lack of use of a common grading system in reporting morbidity impedes estimation of the true risk to a right lobe living donor (RLLD). We report outcomes in 91 consecutive RLLD’s using the validated 5-tier Clavien grading and a quality of life (QOL) questionnaire. The median follow-up was 79 months. The donors were predominantly female (66%), 22 (24%) received autologous blood transfusions. Fifty-three complications occurred in 43 donors (47% morbidity), 19 (37%) were >= Grade III, biliary fistula (14%) was the most common.

Examination of the predictors

of 25(OH)D in our model sho

Examination of the predictors

of 25(OH)D in our model shows few modifiable risk factors, and thus effective dietary strategies may be required if future research determines that children with 25(OH)D concentrations <50 nmol/L are at significant health risk. This trial was registered at www.actr.org.au as ACTRN12605000487617. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 69-76.”
“Despite extensive research on microscopic structure and physical property characterization of advanced nanocarbon systems, they have not been viewed as topologically distinct nanoscale materials with various geometries (curvature). This work is motivated by our recent work [S. Gupta and A. Saxena, J. Raman Spectrosc. 40, 1127 (2009)] where we introduced the notion of “”global”" topology for novel nanocarbons and provided systematic trends by monitoring the phonon spectra via resonance click here Raman spectroscopy, which led to the paradigm of curvature/topology selleck kinase inhibitor -> property -> functionality relationship in these materials. Here we determined the distribution of the mean (H) and Gaussian (K) curvatures as pertinent observables for geometric characterization taking into account the observed geometrical parameters, that is, radius,

polar, azimuthal, or conical angle associated with tubular (single, double-, and multi-walled nanotubes; K = 0), spherical (hypo- and hyperfullerenes; K>0) and complex (helical nanoribbons and nanotori/nanorings; K<0) nanocarbon geometries to quantify the interplay of GDC-0941 solubility dmso intrinsic surface curvature and topology, wherein global topology of the overall sp(2)-bonded carbon (sp(2)C) constrains local topology of the constituent carbon rings. We also studied various other structures such as catenoid and saddle-shaped surfaces as interesting nanocarbons.

We compared these results with highly oriented pyrolytic graphite and monolayer graphene as layered and planar systems, respectively. Moreover, nanocarbons discussed herein are their derivatives. Curvature leads to nonlinearity that manifests itself in some form of symmetry breaking which can be extrapolated to topological variation due to nanoscale defects. Thus it may either close/open the bandgap leading to the introduction of new Raman spectroscopy signatures and optical absorption peaks, changes in mechanical properties, electrical behavior, and electronic density of states and possibly inducing magnetism. Finally, we elucidate the role of curved geometry in Casimir forces arising in carbon nanostructures. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3553860]“
“Morphology of four kinds of aromatic polyimidazoles was examined by using reaction-induced crystallization during solution polymerization at a concentration of 1% at 350 degrees C in liquid paraffin (LPF), dibenzyltoluene (DBT), and the mixture of these solvents.

3 years (IQR 21 3-26 0 years) Fifty-five percent were Caucasian,

3 years (IQR 21.3-26.0 years). Fifty-five percent were Caucasian, 16% African American, and 22% Asian. Males and females were almost equally represented in the study group and in the comparison group. The 194 subjects enrolled without pericoronitis were significantly older (32.8 years; IQR 27.2-40.0 years; P < .001). Eighty-four percent were Caucasian, 10% African American, and 4% Asian. The proportion of subjects with periodontal inflammatory disease in the third molar region was significantly different between the stud), and comparison groups. Thirty-one CA3 mw percent of the Subjects with pericoronitis had incipient

and 55% early disease in the third molar region compared with 25% with incipient and 38% with early disease among subjects without pericoronitis (P = .003). The pattern was similar, but the proportion of subjects was not significantly different between the groups for the non-third molar region. In the study group, 32% had incipient disease and 32% early disease compared with 27% with incipient disease and 22% with early disease in the comparison group (P = .09). The median number of PD >= 4 mm for all teeth differed significantly for subjects with and without pericoronitis (median NVP-BSK805 concentration 5 [IQR 3-9] vs 3 [IQR 0-8], respectively; P = .03).

Conclusion: Pericoronitis involving mandibular third molars may reflect more underlying periodontal inflammatory

disease in affected young adults than might be found in young adults with retained third molars and no pericoronitis. (c) 2009 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons”
“Background: The interplay between nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage, viral Proteasome inhibitor coinfection, and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) is poorly understood. We explored this association in Vietnamese children aged less than 5 years.

Methods: A hospital-based case-control study of pediatric LRTIs was conducted in Nha Trang, Vietnam.

A total of 550 hospitalized children (274 radiologically confirmed pneumonia inverted right perpendicularRCPinverted left perpendicular and 276 other LRTIs) were enrolled and 350 healthy controls were randomly selected from the community. Polymerase chain reaction-based methods were used to measure bacterial loads of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP), Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and to detect 13 respiratory viruses and bacterial serotypes in nasopharyngeal samples of study participants.

Results: The median nasopharyngeal bacterial load of SP was substantially higher in children with RCP compared with healthy controls or children with other LRTIs (P < 0.001). SP load was 15-fold higher in pneumonia children with viral coinfection compared with those children without viral coinfection (1.4 x 10(7)/mL vs. 9.1 x 10(5)/mL; P = 0.0001). SP load was over 200-fold higher in serotypeable SP compared with nontypeable SP (2.5 x 10(6)/mL vs. 1 x 10(4)/mL; P < 0.0001).

Copyright (C) 2009 by the International Society for Heart and Lun

Copyright (C) 2009 by the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.”
“Silicon thermal conductivities are obtained from the solution of the linearized phonon Boltzmann selleck inhibitor transport equation without the use of any parameter-fitting. Perturbation theory is used to compute the strength of three-phonon and isotope scattering mechanisms. Matrix elements based on Fermi’s golden rule are computed exactly without assuming either average or mode-dependent Grueisen parameters, and with no underlying assumptions of crystal isotropy. The environment-dependent interatomic potential is employed to describe the interatomic

force constants and the perturbing Hamiltonians. A detailed methodology to accurately find three-phonon processes satisfying energy and momentum-conservation rules is also described. Bulk silicon thermal conductivity values are computed across a range of temperatures and shown to match experimental data very well. It is found that about two-thirds of the heat transport in

HSP990 cost bulk silicon may be attributed to transverse acoustic modes. Effective relaxation times and mean free paths are computed in order to provide a more complete picture of the detailed transport mechanisms and for use with carrier transport models based on the Boltzmann transport equation. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3195080]“
“Background: Airway complications are among the most challenging problems after lung transplantation. This article describes the use of a new tracheobronchial stent that can be placed and removed easily by flexible bronchoscopy.

Methods: A retrospective review was done of 24 consecutive patients requiring tracheobronchial AZD4547 ic50 stent placement after lung transplantation. A new self-expanding hybrid nitinol

stent was used, and changes in airway diameter and spirometry were assessed. Stent related complications were recorded.

Results: Between February 2007 and April 2008, 24 patients underwent stent placement, and 49 stents were placed for 36 anastomoses at risk. Indications included bronchial stenosis in 12, bronchomalacia in 12, bronchial stenosis plus bronchomalacia in 20, and partial bronchial dehiscence in 5. Adjunctive procedures included electrocautery in 1, balloon dilatation in 7, and electrocautery plus balloon dilatation in 4. The average degree of stenosis decreased from 80% to 20%. After stent placement, the average increase was 0.28 liters in forced vital capacity and 0.44 liters in forced expiratory volume in 1 second. Complications included granulation tissue formation in 10 stents, migration in 9, thick mucus formation in 2, and fracture in 3.

Conclusion: Airway complications in lung transplant patients were effectively palliated. Our complication rate with this new stent is comparable with other airway stents. This stent has the advantage of easy removability during flexible bronchoscopy if complications from the stent outweigh the benefits of palliation.

4 +/- 2 8 vs 6 6 +/- 2 8 mg, p = 0 78) However, donor age (41 +

4 +/- 2.8 vs. 6.6 +/- 2.8 mg, p = 0.78). However, donor age (41 +/- 12 vs. 29 +/- 9 years, p = 0.02), donor BMI (26.3 +/- 5.5 vs. 21.7 +/- 3.6 kg/m2, p = 0.03), previous laparotomy (50% vs. 0%, p = 0.02) and lactate after portal reperfusion (6.3 +/- 4.6 vs. 2.8 +/- 0.9 mmol/L, p = 0.005) were significantly greater in recipients with excessive bleeding. In conclusion, INCB28060 the use of TPA may lower the risk of ITBS-related graft failure in DCD-LT. Excessive bleeding may be related to poor graft quality and previous laparotomy rather than the amount of TPA. Further studies

are needed in larger population.”
“Zirconia (ZrO2) particles of average size 200 nm were synthesized by sol-gel method and formation of composites with poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) via in situ radical dispersion polymerization in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) using a commercially available stabilizer poly(dimethylsiloxane)-g-pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (Monosil PCA). ZrO2 particles were first surface-modified by the silane coupling agent methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane

(MPTMS), which is capable of copolymerizing with methyl methacrylate (MMA) and provide a reactive C=C bond. SEM results revealed uniform morphological characteristics of the composite materials and good dispersions of the ZrO2 particles. TEM analysis confirmed the core-shell morphology. The incorporation of ZrO2 particles in the composites was endorsed by FT-IR. The composites www.selleckchem.com/products/xmu-mp-1.html were also confirmed by TGA and XRD. The hybrid composites possess interesting thermal and optical transparency characteristics

because of the uniform incorporation of ZrO2 particles in the polymer matrix. In principle, this simple and environmentally friendly synthetic procedure can be employed to prepare other inorganic oxide containing polymer composites. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 1176-1183, 2012″
“We study, both experimentally and numerically, the acoustic transmission through a monolayer of periodical polymethyl methacrylate cylinders immersed in water. Beyond our expectation, nearly-total reflection is observed for the system, consisting of two ingredients with low impedance contrast. Our investigation manifests Histone Methyltransf inhibitor that this extraordinary acoustic shielding mostly stems from the resonant excitation of the localized Stoneley surface waves in individual cylinders. Such local modes are rooted in the complicated coupling between the longitudinal and transverse waves and are unique in acoustic systems. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3601746]“
“Impaired kidney function is a well-recognized complication following liver transplantation (LT). Studies of this complication in children have been limited by small numbers and insensitive outcome measures. Our aim was to define the prevalence of, and identify risk factors for, post-LT kidney dysfunction in a multicenter pediatric cohort using measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR).