7 %, specificity 86.4 %). PCA-C2 scores were plotted voxel-wise as a probability-map, discerning distinct areas of presumed edema or tumor infiltration. Correction of spatial dependency appears essential when differentiating glioma from edema. A tumor-infiltration probability-map is presented, based on supplementary information of multiple DTI parameters and spatial normalization.”
“Background: In a previous study in pregnant American women, we reported that arginine flux and nitric oxide synthesis increased in trimester 2. More recently, we reported that Indian women do not increase Cell Cycle inhibitor arginine flux during pregnancy as their American or Jamaican counterparts
do. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Indian women of childbearing age are producing less arginine and/or catabolizing more arginine and therefore have less available for anabolic pathways than do Jamaican and American women. Methods: Thirty healthy women aged 28.3 +/- 0.8 y from the United States, India, and Jamaica (n = 10/group) were given 6 h primed, constant intravenous infusions of guanidino-N-15(2)-arginine, 5,5-H-2(2)-citrulline, N-15(2)-ornithine, and ring-H-2(5)-phenylalanine, in addition to primed, oral doses of U-C-13(6)-arginine in both the fasting and postprandial states. An oral dose of deuterium oxide was also given to determine fat-free mass (FFM). Results: Compared with American
women, Indian and Jamaican women had greater ornithine fluxes (mu mol . kg fat FFM-1 . h(-1)) NSC 718781 in the fasting and postprandial states (27.3 +/- 2.5 vs. 39.6 +/- 3.7 and 37.2 +/- 2.0, respectively, NU7441 ic50 P = 0.01), indicating greater arginine catabolism. However, Jamaican women had a higher endogenous arginine flux than did Indian and American women in the fasting (66.1 +/- 3.1 vs. 54.2 +/- 3.1 and 56.1 +/- 2.1, respectively, P= 0.01) and postprandial (53.8
+/- 2.2 vs. 43.7 +/- 4.9 and 42.8 +/- 3.1, respectively, P = 0.06) states. As a consequence, Indian women had lower arginine bioavailability (mu mol . kg FFM-1 h(-1)) in the fasting state (42.0 +/- 2.6) than did American (49.9 +/- 1.3, P = 0.045) and Jamaican (55.5 +/- 3.5, P = 0.004) women, as well as in the postprandial state (40.7 +/- 3.5 vs. 51.8 +/- 1.2 and 57.5 +/- 3.2, respectively, P = 0.001)., Conclusion: Compared with American and Jamaican women, Indian women of childbearing age have a decreased arginine supply because of increased arginine catabolism without an increase in arginine flux.”
“Multiconfigurational, intermediate valent ground states are established in several methyl-substituted bipyridine complexes of bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)ytterbium, Cp-2*Yb (Me-x-bipy). In contrast to Cp-2*Yb(bipy) and other substituted-bipy complexes, the nature of both the ground state and the first excited state are altered by changing the position of the methyl or dimethyl substitutions on the bipyridine rings.