2007) The prevalence of MetS in patients who took medication for

2007) The prevalence of MetS in patients who took medication for bipolar disorder (N = 152) was 270%. 25.0% and 25 7%, based on the definitions of the American Heart Association and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute’s adaptation of the Adult Treatment Panel III (AHA), the National Cholesterol Education Program for Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), ICG-001 datasheet respectively The present study determined that the prevalence of MetS was significantly higher in patients with bipolar disorder than in the control

group, the odds ratios (OR) (95%CI) were 2.44 (1 35-4 40), 248 (1.34-459) and 257 (1.40-4.74), based on the definition of the ANA. ATPIII and IDF, respectively.The ISPR (95%CI) was 1.48(1 02-1 93), 1.54(1 05-2 03) and 1 98 (1 36-2 60). respectively Patients with medications for bipolar

disorder showed a significantly higher prevalence of increased waist circumference, elevated Inflammation related inhibitor triglycerides. and reduced HDL-cholesterol than the control group. The prevalence of MetS in patients taking medication for bipolar disorder was higher than that in the general population Obesity and dyslipidemia were particularly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved”
“This near infrared spectroscopy study investigated whether nonverbal human sounds representing different

basic emotions are able to specifically modulate temporo-parietal cortices, involved in auditory processing and attention. Forty-three adults (19 females and 24 males) were presented with sounds from the categories fear, disgust, and neutral. The stimuli were able to elicit the target emotions with sufficient specificity. The listening to fear-relevant sounds (e.g., screams of fear and pain) led to Urease increased activation of the right superior temporal gyrus and the bilateral supramarginal gyrus. The hemodynamic responses to disgusting sounds (e.g., sniffing, diarrhea) were smaller. Our findings point to a differential neuronal sensitivity of the human brain to two basic emotion elicitors in the auditory domain. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives. In order to reveal the etiology and pathophysiology of trichotillomania (TTM). It is necessary to investigate which brain regions are involved in TTM, but limited knowledge exists regarding the neurobiology of TTM and the available functional neuroimaging studies of TTM are little The purpose of the present study was to investigate the specific brain regions involved in the pathophysiology of TTM with symptom provocation task using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for children and adolescents with TTM


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