[2, 7-15] Owing to their frequent travel for durations ranging from one to several days, this unique population has an occupational risk for malaria and needs to understand those risks while remaining vigilant in practicing appropriate preventive measures. This survey consisted primarily of two distinct occupational populations: FA, the majority of whom had traveled to West Africa in the previous year, and pilots eligible for international travel. The gender difference within the two respondent groups was
likely due to the gender distribution within the occupations. Overall, participants demonstrated excellent awareness about the basics of malaria transmission CYC202 cost and preventive measures. Cabozantinib in vitro However, some incorrectly reported “avoid drinking the local water” to prevent malaria, which indicates that additional education on malaria is still warranted. Many respondents reported a low perception of their occupational risk for malaria, especially disturbing among the FA as the majority had made at least one trip in the previous year to West Africa. Despite the confidence in insect repellents and the small number with concerns about DEET and its odor, less than half in each group indicated they always used insect repellent. On the basis of this, crew members should also be educated about effective topical insect repellents
other than DEET and the practice of wearing long pants and sleeves, preferably treated with permethrin, for protection when at malaria-intense destinations. The single greatest need identified in this survey was better access to and understanding of antimalarial medications, as based on the
high proportion of pilots and FA that never used the antimalarial medication for prevention. Despite Airline A’s program for telephone access to Malarone prescriptions, with 100% reimbursement, most participants perceived that antimalarial medications were difficult to obtain, too expensive, or not available. Additionally, many Resveratrol indicated that they were confused about how to take the medications, concerned about side effects, or believed antimalarial medications would not protect them. These attitudes may partially explain why so few participants reported taking antimalarial medication when traveling to a malaria-intense destination. The malaria prevention program should include a simple and streamlined process to obtain antimalarial medications, the requirement to keep a supply of antimalarial medication at home for anyone working on-call with potentially <8 hours notice of travel to a malaria-intense destination, and education on the use of the medications and their side effects. Although following all preventive measures cannot guarantee someone will not become infected with malaria, the risk could be reduced through a comprehensive and mandatory malaria prevention education program.