Children are less intimidating to animals, due to their small stature, and they are less able to defend themselves or escape when attacked. As a result, they are more prone to facial attacks and multiple bites on the head and neck—the most severe type of exposure with the shortest incubation period. Additionally, children are less likely to report animal exposures, such as licks or scratches from dogs and cats, to their parents. These are the main reasons why there is a higher burden of rabies in children.
Administering pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to children living in areas where dog rabies is enzootic can help prevent a fatal outcome by protecting them against unreported exposures to rabies virus, and also from potential failures associated Panobinostat molecular weight with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) due to delayed or learn more incomplete PEP. According to the current WHO recommendations, only two additional doses of rabies vaccine are necessary, in case of an exposure to rabies, for protection of those who previously received a complete pre- or post-exposure immunization course, and, most importantly, no rabies immunoglobulin administration is required. A rabies PrEP pilot program for school children is currently under way in the province of Camarines Sur, located
in the Bicol Region in Luzon. The program was initiated in the municipality of Cabusao, where canine rabies is endemic and the incidence of dog bites and rabies deaths in children is particularly high. The program, which is part of the Philippines National Rabies Elimination Plan, integrates education on rabies prevention in the elementary school curriculum; it includes increased dog vaccination coverage and improved access to PEP, in addition to PrEP in school children. Three years after its implementation, the success of the pilot project is evidenced
by the fact that 77% of dogs have been vaccinated and no human rabies deaths have been recorded in Cabusao for the last two years. The program is currently being expanded to include the L-NAME HCl adjacent municipalities. AREB members agreed that the results of the program currently implemented in Camarines Sur, in addition to the published results of the clinical trials conducted in Thailand  and in India , have demonstrated that administration of PrEP in school children is a safe and feasible strategy, which brings significant benefit to the community by preventing deaths in children who otherwise may have died from this horrific disease. Considering that protecting vulnerable children from rabies is a public health duty, AREB members strongly recommend PrEP for children living in areas where canine rabies is enzootic.