An ideal biopsy needle should minimize pneumothorax and bleeding complications and maximize the tissue specimen obtained. In our practice, we use automated cutting needles to obtain sufficient tissue amount free of crush injury for histologic evaluation. Two types of automated
cutting core biopsy needles have been used. They include side-notch needle and end-cut needle. Choice between these two types is generally a matter of preference and availability. The end-cut GSK2118436 order design has several advantages. Most importantly, a full cannular width of tissue is obtained as the entire lumen and almost the whole length of advancement of the needle within the lesion is used to enclose the specimen. In the side-notch biopsy needle, the actual length of the side notch (i.e. specimen) is shorter than the advancement of the needle as only part of the needle lumen (i.e. the volume of the notch) is used
to have tissue . Yet another distinction between the Trametinib in vitro types of needles is related to the technique used for obtaining the biopsy as coaxial and single shaft (non coaxial). Each technique has certain advantages compared to the other. However, there is no proof that any type of technique is superior to other types in terms of diagnostic yield and complication rate . Using the coaxial technique, the needle will be more stable in the chest wall and multiple samples can be obtained with a single pleural puncture which helps in improving the diagnostic yield and reducing the risk of pneumothorax especially with smaller diameter needle . The advantage of the single needle is that it is more flexible. This may help in guiding the needle to the correct location. The continued refinements in needle design appear to be potential for improved
sensitivity and specificity for both benign and malignant diagnosis  and . After consideration of the patient history and indications for the biopsy, an informed consent is obtained from the patient and the family. The consent should include the discussion of the potential risks and benefits in details. The baseline chest CT images are carefully reviewed and the procedure is planned based on the size and location of the lesion, availability of imaging systems, and local expertise. The needle path is PLEKHB2 chosen considering straight pathway from the skin to lesion. Ideally, the needle should cross the pleura at a 90-degree angle rather than at an oblique angle. The pathway should avoid transversal of bullae, vessels and bronchi. The interlobar fissures are avoided usually as the more pleural surfaces that are crossed, the higher the risk of pneumothorax. In case of more than one lesion is present, the more peripheral lesion is chosen over a deep lesion because less lung will be traversed, decreasing the risk of complications.